Solar PV, Inverter, and UPS drives India's MOSFET semiconductor market
Total India MOSFET market in 2014 is estimated in the range of 15-20 Million US$. In this around 80-90% is imported and the rest is expected to be made locally. There is 12% growth in 2014 in the Indian MOSFET market. Around 65% of MOSFETs are used in UPS and inverters. The second big market is solar lighting. The other market includes portable power adapters, power supplies for automotives, medical electronics, Aerospace/defence, and industrial systems (motor controllers).
Key global and India specific technology trends in MOSFET:
The super junction MOSFETs and also technology called trench gate structure is helping to reduce the on-resistance of MOSFETs, and increasing the efficiency of total system. STMicroelectronics and Infineon are strong in this technology.
Modules are becoming more popular than individual MOSFETs. Itís not even modules even more advanced devices where, part of analog electronics and MOSFETs are integrated in a single package.
Silicon Carbide (SiC) MOSFETs are increasingly used in solar inverters, UBS and other DC/DC converters.
SiC MOSFETs offer higher power conversion efficiency, small size and higher speed of operation resulting in reduction of Power MOSFETs size as well as the inverters size.
MOSFETs made out of another semiconductor material called Gallium Nitride (GaN) are also preferred in the market for high-efficiency, high-speed, small size inverters.
Gallium nitride-based MOSFETs are still expensive.
In the usage of MOSFET, the big trend noticed in India is replacement of electromechanical relays with MOSFET-based switches, particularly in automotive electronics.
Key market trends in MOSFET:
The total global market for MOSFETs in the year 2014 is expected to be around US$13 billion. The total Indian market for MOSFETs in the year 2014 is expected to be around US$15-US$20 million, as said above which is 1.2% of the global market.
However the Indian market is growing faster than the world market. While the world market is growing around 7 to 8%, the Indian market is expected to be growing at 12 to 15%. There is lot of scope for Indian market to grow in the range of 50%+ provided the Make in India concept becomes successful.
The most important drivers of MOSFET market are solar inverters and electric cars. Due to these two markets, global MOSFET market has grown in the year 2013 and 2014. However in Indian market trends are not so aligned with global trends, here still power back up systems still driving the MOSFET market. But soon (in next 12-18 months) things going to change.
The biggest issue in the sales of MOSFETs in India is availability of duplicate of counterfeit MOSFET components.
Some of the top buyers of MOSFET in India includes:
1 Su Kam
4 Genus Power Infrastructures Ltd
5 Legrand (Numeric Power Systems)
7 Tata Power
9 Wipro e-peripheral
The share of top in Total MOSFET market is less than 35% of total market. There are 100s of small power supply manufacturers all over India. Delhi and Mumbai/Pune are top two regions.
The top sellers of MOSFET in Indian market:
Sl No. Supplier
1 International Rectifier//Infineon (Getting merged)
3 On Semiconductor
4 Fairchild Semiconductor
8 NXP semiconductors
9 Diodes Inc
All these above players control 80% of Indian MOSFET market. The top two vendors International rectifier/Infineon and ST microelectronics continue to increase their share from last few years.
The global top 10 vendors of MOSFETs:
Sl No. Supplier
1 International Rectifier/Infineon
7 Alpha & Omega Semiconductor
8 Fuji Electric
9 ON Semiconductor