While the semiconductor chip revenue in year 2012 has experienced negative growth in year 2012, the semiconductor chip foundry revenues in 2012 grew by 16.2% in 2012, as per latest estimates by Gartner. Gartner has reported worldwide semiconductor foundry market totaled $34.6 billion in 2012, a 16.2 percent increase from 2011.
"2012 was the first year that the semiconductor revenue for mobile devices surpassed that of PCs and notebooks,” said Samuel Wang, research vice president at Gartner. "It also marked the first year that advanced technology for mobile applications drove the foundry revenue. Furthermore, 2012 saw not only major foundries improve the yield of 28 nanometer (nm) technology, but also many foundries fine-tuned the device performance of legacy nodes."
TSMC ranked at the number one position due to the technology node lead it has taken over others. The fast growing Globalfoundries ranked 2nd. Gartner said "Strong performance on 32 nm yields and the availability of sub-45-nm wafer capacity at the Dresden, Germany, fabs allowed Globalfoundries to advance to the No. 2 position" The 3rd ranked UMC's market share decreased due to reduced wafer shipments, as per Gartner. Driven by the wafers consumed by Apple's A6 and A6X chips, Samsung moved up four spots to the No. 5 position with 175.5 percent growth in 2012, adds Gartner.
*Samsung revenue includes classic foundry ($600 million) and revenue of Apple's A6 and A6X chips, but not A4, A5 and A5X chips
**Hua Hong NEC and Grace Semiconductor Manufacturing completed their merger in 2011, and the new company continues to use Hua Hong NEC.
Source: Gartner (April 2013)
Other findings shared by Gartner:
The increase in the foundry business was attributed to the restocking of inventory by customers, along with the increased demand of smartphones, in which wafers for advanced technology are required. In the second half of 2012, foundries performed better than the seasonal norm due to the need of 40 nm wafers as a result of the unexpected fast rise of low-cost smartphones in China and other emerging countries. Those foundries with sufficient wafer capacity and a good yield of 40 nm and 28 nm technologies have achieved solid revenue growth.
Besides the increased shipment of advanced nodes, there were market share shifts in the more mature nodes, with some foundries reporting near-record-high shipments of wafers of 65 nm to 0.18 micron serving power management integrated circuits (PMICs), high voltage, embedded flash, complementary metal-oxide semiconductor (CMOS) image sensors and micro-electromechanical systems (MEMS). The market share gain was due to the continuous improvement of device performance and cost savings as a result of process tuning of the legacy process nodes.
In 2012, most foundries reported an increase of revenue from fabless customers, while the percentage of revenue contribution by integrated device manufacturer (IDM) customers was flat or even declined, indicating that the chips for mobile devices have been supplied primarily by the fabless companies.